Biblical Faith – with Sam Peak
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On page 325, paragraph 14, The four parts of the daily prayers service actually parallel the four-part structure of the creation. The first three parts of the service rectify the lower worlds.
On page 325, also, paragraph 15, Attached to this order are other prayers, designed to incite HaShem to bestow both mercy and additional blessings. These are the “Viduy” (Confession), the Thirteen Attributes, and the “falling upon one’s face” (in the Tachanun).
The purpose of the Confession is to prevent the Accusers from speaking out and causing the service to be cast aside. We then recite the Thirteen Attributes (of Mercy) because they have the power to cause HaShem to be grasped through His Attribute of Mercy. The “falling on one’s face” in Tachanun is also a high degree of self-subjugation before HaShem. It therefore has the power to appease the Attribute of Justice and arouse mercy.
From the “RaMCHaL”–Derech HaShem–Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto. Page 325.
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