Biblical Faith – with Sam Peak
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The signifiance of sounding the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is related to the fact on this day HaShem judges all the world. On Rosh Hashanah, HaShem renews all creation as part of a new cycle, namely a new year. Courts of justice are set up (on high) and all created beings brought to trial.
At this time, the Prosecutor (or Satan) is prepared to accuse mankind for its sins. HaShem therefore commanded us to sound the shofar, in order to invoke a process of mercy, rather than one of harsh judgement. This in turn confounds the Prosecutor to such an extent that he is no longer able to accuse.
The true signifiance of the shofar is therefore to arouse the Fathers of the world, to grasp hold of their merit, to satisfy the Attribute of Justice, to cause good to overwhelm evil, to humble the powers of evil, to remove power from the Prosecutor, and finally, our intent is that HaShem should make use of His superiority and direct things with His sole authority to disregard sin. All this is accomplished through the shofar when it is properly accomplished by the repentance of all mankind.
From the “RaMCHaL”–Derech HaShem–Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto. Page 345–349.
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